TATTOO – from French – a decoration made on the body by the introduction of pigment through dense ruptures in the skin in accordance with the design drawn up earlier. Tattooing has been known since the ancient times and was also known to the tribal societies of Oceania, the Malay Peninsula and Africa as well as to North American Indians and Japanese. In addition to its decorative function the tattoo fulfils mainly magical functions, is a kind of an amulet, a protection against evil, a magical weapon of a man in a fight against misfortune, illness and death. In the so-called primitive societies it performed also a significant social function being a mark of membership in a tribe and a social position held within a group.


PIERCING – one of the popular forms of decorating the body. It consists in puncturing or cutting specific parts of the body (e.g. nose, tongue, genitals) and creating an opening in which jewellery may be worn. The parts of the body that are pierced most often are ears, nose, lips, tongue, eyebrow ridges, nipples, chin, navel as well as genitals (pudendal lips and the area of clitoris (women) and penis, scrotum (men)). Tunnels – dilated openings in various parts of the body (most often in the auricles) are increasingly popular. They range in size from 1.6 mm up to any diameter.